Procedure securing the originality of the publication

In accordance with the standards set out for scientific journals by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the editorial board asks the Authors to disclose information about entities contributing to the publication (substantive, material, financial contribution, etc.). Authors of studies should present the results of their work in a transparent and reliable manner, regardless of whether they are its direct authors or have used the help of a specialized entity (natural or legal person).

„Ghostwriting” ‐ is a situation in which someone contributed to a publication without disclosing their participation as one of the authors or without mentioning their role in the acknowledgments included in the publication).

„Guest authorship” ‐ is a situation in which the author's participation is negligible or did not take place at all, and yet he/she is the author / co-author of the publication).

In order to prevent these undesirable phenomena, the editorial staff of the NSZ adopts the following rules:

1) The authors of the publication should disclose the contribution of individual persons to the publication (including affiliation and contribution, i.e. information who is the author of the concept, assumptions, methods, protocol, etc. used in the preparation of the publication), with the main responsibility for disclosing the indicated data on the person submitting the study.

2) In case of finding "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship" phenomena, the editorial office documents these cases and notifies the institution employing the author and the associations, teams and scientific societies of which they are a member.

3) In case of financing the research used in the publication, the author is obliged to provide the source of financing.

4) The journal screens all articles submissions for plagiarism (
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