Ethical standards

The articles issued by "Modern Management Systems" are verified in terms of their compliance with the principles of publishing ethics and scientific integrity.

The articles accepted for publication are assessed only in terms of their content, that is why race, sex, religion, origin, citizenship or political beliefs of the authors do not affect the assessment.

The editorial office of "MMS" does not disclose to unauthorized persons information about artilces submitted for publication.

The authorized persons include: the authors themselves, designated reviewers, editors and persons participating in the publishing process.

The author may submit only his own original texts for publication.

When publishing any work, one should in particular avoid misappropriation of the results of someone else's research, plagiarism, self-plagiarism or untrue attribution of authorship, as well as unreliable bibliographic notation.

Plagiarism is committed by those who appropriate someone else's work or its fragment, regardless of its size, by completely omitting the information about the source or providing it in a form that does not allow the recipient to identify the borrowed elements of the work.

Respect for intellectual property in the ethical sense consists both of unforced respect for the law and the goodwill of doing justice to every person and institution that has contributed to the content of a work, published in print or made public in any other way. Each author of scientific, popular science or teaching work should avoid omissions and abandonments that could hide the use of elements of someone else's work or the results of someone else's research, suggest disregarding someone else's work or mislead recipients as to the scope of their own creative work.

A co-author is anyone who has written even a small fragment of a work, made any creative contribution to its concept or layout, participated in the design of scientific research resulting in a given work.

It is a good practice to mark the contribution to the work in the form of acknowledgments or editorial information, briefly describing who and how contributed to the creation of the work in its final shape. Such information should include both persons (cooperating honorably or for remuneration) and institutions.

The person responsible for contact with the publishing house should make every effort to ensure that the content of the publication includes in one way or another information about the scope of work of individual co-authors and collaborators. In multi-chapter works written by several authors, it is necessary to provide clear information about who prepared which part. The co-author awarded with the first prize is a person who, regardless of his position and scientific status, made by far the greatest creative contribution to the creation of the work.

Researchers should publish their research results and their interpretations fairly, transparently and accurately, so that they can be repeated or verified by other researchers.

All authors are fully responsible for the content they publish, unless otherwise stated (e.g. that they are only responsible for a specific part of the research in their area of expertise). It is desirable that when identifying authors' affiliation, the nature of their contribution should be specified.

Each author should disclose potential conflicts of interest in advance.

Reliability in science and ethical attitude of a researcher require openness of information about entities contributing to the creation of the publication - substantive, material, financial contribution of scientific and research institutions, associations and other entities.

The cases of "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship" are a manifestation of scientific misconduct and unethical attitude.

"Ghostwriting" occurs when someone has made a significant contribution to a publication without disclosing their contribution as one of the authors or their role in the acknowledgments included in the publication.

"Guest authorship" occurs when the author's contribution is negligible or not at all, and yet he is the author or co-author of the publication. In order to counteract these negative phenomena, the editorial office of "MMS" requires authors of collective works to disclose the contribution of individual people to the work, including their affiliation and information about who is the author of the concepts, assumptions, methods, etc. used in the preparation of the work. The author submitting the publication bears the main responsibility.

Detected cases of "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship" will be unmasked, including notification of relevant entities, e.g. institutions employing authors, scientific societies, and any manifestations of scientific misconduct, especially violations and violations of ethics in force in science, will be documented by the editorial staff of "MMS".

In the event of revealing unethical behavior - such as plagiarism, falsification of data or re-publication of a previously published work or part of it, the editorial office of "MMS" will ask the author for explanations, and then take the appropriate steps provided for in the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics).
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